Ethnographic, historic and artistic features of the national creativity, which were also used in creation of determined forms of it, are reflected on costumes. Azerbaijani arts reminds about itself also in ornaments of costume with artistic embroideries, in weaving and knitting.
In the 17th century, the territory of modern Azerbaijan was considered the main sericulture oblasts of the Near East and Shirvan was the main region of sericulture. Silks were produced in Shamakhi, Basqal, Ganja, Shaki, Shusha and in other regions. Fine textiles, silk head kerchiefs for women with ornaments of amazing beauty and others were produced in these cities.
Style of clothes reflected marital status and age of its owner. For example, costume of a girl and a married woman were differed. Young women wore more colorful and beautiful dresses.
From the 20th centuries national costumes in Azerbaijan are worn only in villages. Almost all national dances are performed in national costumes.
Male national costume actually was single in all zones of Azerbaijan. Class distinction the owner was reflected on male costumes.
National outerwear for men consisted of “ust koyney” (shirt) or chepken, arkhalig, gabi and chukha (humeral wear).
- Arkhalig – was single-breasted or two-breasted. It was sewed of silk, cashmere, cloth, satin and other textiles.
Gaba – male humeral outerwear, which was sewed of tirme.
Chukha - male humeral outerwear, which was detachable on the waist, with layers and gathers. It was sewed of cloth, tirme and homespun textile.
Kurk – fur coat made of lamb fur, without fastener, with collar, decorated with embroidery.
National female costume of Azerbaijanis consists of outwear and underwear. It includes suck-formed shawl – “chadra” and a veil – “rubend”, which was worn by women while going outdoors. Outwear was sewed of bright and colorful textiles, the quality of which depended on income of the family. The clothing also included variety of different jewelries. Golden and silver beads, buttons, stylized as a big seeds of hordeum, coins, delicate pendants and necklaces. Unlike elders young women wore more bright clothes with bright flowers.
Outwear consists of a shirt with wide sleeves and wide trousers to the ankle and bell-shaped shirts of the same length. Women also wore a knitted shirt with long sleeves (arkhalig, kuladja) tightly fitting across the back and chest, which had a wide slit at the front. At the waist it was tightly belted, but below it was parted by gatherings. A quilted sleeveless jacket was worn in cold weather. Outerwear could be a cloak that was longer than the shirt. Women’s shirts in Gazakh uyezd were long with slits on each side.
Women of Karabakh wore chepken (chafken) that was tight-fitting to the waist and with long hidden sleeves.
Wide skirts and also tight and wide pants existed. Short, to the knee, shirts were worn in Nakhchivan. In Shusha, Shamakhi and other districts shirts were longer.
Long kulajs were worn only by rich women in Nakhchivan and Ganja.